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High Courts

[Role of Functions]

  1. Original jurisdiction: Power to hear disputes in the first instance of civil, criminal, revenue, contempt of court.

  2. Writ jurisdiction: Power to deal with cases related to violation of fundamental rights (Article 226).

  3. Appellate jurisdiction: Listens to all the appeals made against the judgements of subordinate court functioning in territorial jurisdiction.

  4. Supervisory jurisdiction: Power of superintendence over all courts & tribunals (both administrative & judicial tribunals)functioning in its territorial jurisdiction (except for military courts or national tribunals).

  5. Control over sub-ordinate courts:

  • In appointment of district judges along with the consultation of Governor.

  • power to withdraw a case pending in the sub-ordinate court.

    6. Judicial review: Power of a High Court to examine the constitutionality of legislative enactments and         

         executive orders of both the Central and state governments.

[Appointment of HC judge]

A High Court judge is appointed by the President of India after consultation with Cihef Justice of India & Governor of the corresponding State. (Article 217)

A High Court judge holds the office till he/she attains the Age of 62.


[Qualification of HC judge]

  1. Should be a citizen of India.

  2. Should have held a judicial office for at least 10 years/advocate of HC for at least 10 years.

[Removal of HC judge]

  1. An HC judge can be removed only on the grounds of proven misbehavior or incapacity.

  2. A 2/3rd majority vote is required in both the houses of parliament to pass the resolution for removalof a HC judge by the President of India.




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